Achieving resilient food systems and adapting to climate change through restoring rangelands and indigenous peoples’ ancestral lands
8 Oct 2020, 1:45 PM Jakarta/Bangkok via Zoom
Pastoral communities in mitigating climate change
Rangelands are faced with increasingly erratic climates, rapidly increasing human populations in some countries and rapidly declining or even abandonment in others, and a fast pace of unsustainable land-use change. But in recent years, an increasing appreciation of the value of pastoralism and transhumance for maintaining healthy rangelands has led to innovative approaches and technologies for the sustainability of pastoralism. These landscapes and livelihoods need urgent attention from many sectors (e.g. agriculture, environment, health, education, trade) and many stakeholders (e.g. policymakers, herders, land managers, environmentalists, legislators, business people, scientists, civil society, youth, and women).
The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic and its short-term spread around the world is a new and major threat to the agriculture and natural resources sector.
The current policy and legal environment do not address support for herder households and the production, export, and import of livestock products. Therefore, current agriculture and natural resource policies need to be reviewed and updated to integrate with national measures to improve COVID-19 risk management and resilience.
The role of indigenous peoples in protecting our planet
In Asia, it is estimated to be more than 411 million people recognized to be indigenous peoples (IPs). They have developed their customary land use and tenure systems through generations of practices and experiences. Their unique relationship with land, territories, and resources at hand is reflected in the deep connection between their livelihoods, knowledge, and belief comprising economic, social, and cultural aspects of their community life and the land they reside and depend on.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, ILC Asia member AIPP has collected data from its members in fourteen countries which portrays the appalling stories of impact and elegant coping skills. It is witnessed amongst Indigenous Peoples the revival of indigenous systems that are able to sustain livelihood and buffer against disasters across IPs’ communities in Asia through their own representative institutions or self-government, as noted by indigenous representatives from most countries. However, the pandemic has also disproportionately affected Indigenous Peoples (IPs) in almost every aspect of their lives, posing severe health and socioeconomic risks, exacerbating underlying structural inequalities and discrimination which need to be specifically addressed in the response to this crisis with further vigor.
Therefore, the restoration of unhindered access to land, territories, and resources is the sole solution to food resilience and sovereignty just as the IP’s way of sustainable use of forest resources is the checkmate for climate change.
ILC Asia is supporting its member-led regional thematic initiatives on rangelands and advancing indigenous peoples' right to land. The Asia Rangelands Initiative consists of two sub-regions; the South Asia Pastoralist Alliance (SAPA) hosted by MARAG in India and the Central Asia Pastoralist Alliance (CAPA) hosted by JASIL in Mongolia. In addition, the Indigenous Peoples' Initiative in Asia is led by AIPP in Thailand.
This thematic session aims to discuss how indigenous peoples and the pastoral communities are ensuring food security in the climate crisis. We will learn from the achievements and challenges that they faced in restoring and managing sustainable use of rangelands and indigenous peoples’ ancestral lands.
Date and Time
Thursday, 8 October 2020
1:45 PM Jakarta/Bangkok
2:45 PM Manila/Ulaanbaatar
12:45 PM Bishkek/Dhaka
12:30 PM Kathmandu
12:15 PM New Delhi