Did you know...
Healthy rangelands benefit local and national economies, pastoralists, and nomadic herding populations by ensuring food security and providing land for farming, grazing, forage, as well as water.
However, due to the recent and rapidly mounting pressures on common resources, the increase of livestock numbers, and the wide-scale expansion of industries, an estimated 60-88% of all pasturelands have degraded in Central Asia and over 40% in Southern Asia. Land degradation is one of the major challenges of land governance in most Central and Southern Asian countries,
placing herders at a greater risk of experiencing climate crisis from water shortages and temperature increases, to loss of access to proper grazing areas. Reflecting upon these challenges, the work of ILC-led Central Asia Pastoralist Alliance (CAPA) and South Asia Pastoralist Alliance (SAPA) is therefore centred on the promotion of sustainable use of rangelands and mitigation of climate change in the region.
What we do
Since its establishment in 2015, CBI 3 – Asia Rangelands Initiative in Central and South Asia aims at ameliorating the legal basis at the centre of tenure security. This process is encouraged by the facilitation of the formulation and implementation of policies, that preserve rangelands resources, protect their sustainable use, and acknowledge the rights of their users, while also mitigating the consequences of depletion of nature and climate change. For this reason, CBI 3 is committed to:
- Encouraging cooperation between different entities, such as decision-makers, community-based organisations, Pasture User Groups, and development organisations.
- Evaluating pastureland management and organising learning events, co-managing pasture and forest use contracts with local authorities, regulating Pasture Use Associations (PUAs), empowering women’s collective land rights claiming.
- Offering support in the process of policy formulation and enforcement, across sub-regions and helping Governments ameliorate the acknowledgment of harder community rights; leading advocacy and lobbying endeavours at the international, national and regional level, including calls for an International Year of Rangelands in 2026.
CAPA members were highly involved in the drafting and implementation of six land-related policies, including amendments to pasture laws across Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Mongolia. These policy developments prompted the recognition of pastoralist and herder community land rights, securing more than 39 million hectares of pasturelands and affecting the livelihoods of over 80,000 households.
In India, SAPA prompted the establishment of the first National Pastoral Alliance, the Rashtriya Pashupalan Sangathan- currently active in 10 states. One of its greatest achievements was the successful preservation of the livelihoods of over 200 pastoralist families through the attainment of a government grant of 80 hectares of grazing lands to the Jungi village in the Gunji Province- where wind farms and the Forest Department had been encroaching the lands.
Why rangelands matter
Recognising the role of pastoralists and herders in Central Asia and Mongolia
22 January 2021Read More
The detrimental impact of the new farm laws on pastoralists in India
11 February 2021Read More
Learn about the impact of Covid-19 on pastoral communities
Learn about ILC Global Rangelands Initiative